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Molasses is a viscous byproduct of the processing of sugar cane or sugar beets into sugar.
The quality of molasses depends on the maturity of the sugar cane or sugar beet, the amount of sugar extracted, and the method of extraction
Molasses is made from young sugar cane. Sulphur dioxide, which acts as a preservative, is added during the sugar extraction process. Unsulphured molasses is made from mature sugar cane, which does not require treatment with sulphur. There are three grades of molasses: mild or barbados, also known as first molasses; dark, or second molasses; and blackstrap. These grades may be sulphured or unsulphured.
To make molasses, the sugar cane plant is harvested and stripped of its leaves. Its juice is extracted from the canes, usually by crushing or mashing; it can also be removed by cutting. The juice is boiled to concentrate it, which promotes the crystallization of the sugar. The result of this first boiling and removal of the sugar crystals is first molasses, which has the highest sugar content because comparatively little sugar has been extracted from the source. Second molasses is created from a second boiling and sugar extraction, and has a slight bitter tinge to its taste.
The third boiling of the sugar syrup makes blackstrap molasses. The majority of sucrose from the original juice has been crystallized, but blackstrap molasses is still mostly sugar by calories. However, unlike refined sugars, it contains significant amounts of vitamins and minerals. Blackstrap molasses is a source of calcium,magnesium, potassium, and iron; one tablespoon provides up to 20% of the daily value of each of those nutrients. Blackstrap, often sold as a health supplement, is also used in the manufacture of cattle feed and for other industrial uses.
Chrome Ore is found in peridotite from the Earth's mantle. It also occurs in layered ultramafic intrusive rocks. In addition, it is found in metamorphic rocks such as some serpentinites.
Ore deposits of chromite form as early magmatic differentiates.Chromite is also used as a refactory material, because it has a high heat stability. The only ore of chromium is the mineral chromite. The two main products of chromite refining are ferrochromium and metallic chromium, for those products the ore smelter process differs considerably. We are importing chromite from South Africa who are the largest producer of Chromite.
Coal is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity worldwide, as well as one of the largest worldwide anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide emissions.
Gross carbon dioxide emissions from coal usage are slightly more than those from petroleum and about double the amount from natural gas. Coal is extracted from the ground by mining, either underground or in open pits. The major coal exporting countries include Australia, Indonesia and South Africa. We are importing Coking Coal for Cookeries and Steam Coal for Power and Cement Plants in India.
Rapeseed Meal is a powdery substance, which is produced as a bi-product when rapeseed is processed for oil. Rich in protein rapeseed meal is used as animal feed in many countries.
Major producers of rapeseed meal include Canada, Australia and India. In India, rapeseed meal is used both locally and for export to other Asian countries. Rapeseed Meal is similar to Soyabean Meal but it has lower protein content. Rapeseed Meal is often considered as a cheaper option between the two.
Barley like wheat is a grass, which is rich in carbohydrates and protein. Barley traditionally requires less rainfall to grow than wheat as result of which it can be grown in more areas.
Countries of the European Union and Russia account for more than half of the worldâs barley production. In general the barley crop is concentrated in the northern hemisphere.
Barley is used in soups, porridge, and in making breads. Barley though less popular as an animal feed than sorghum or maize is an important source of protein for cattle. Barley is also used in the production of malt, which in turn is used in the manufacture of beer and whiskey.
Iron Ore is used to make pig iron, which in turn is one of the major raw materials used in making steel. The grade of the iron ore depends on its iron content.
High-grade iron ore having a higher composition of iron is used in making superior quality steel.
Over the past decade India along with Brazil and Australia has been a leading exporter of iron ore to China and Japan, the major markets for the commodity.
Maize or corn as it known in many countries is the most widely grown crop in the world. Maize is used for both human consumption and as well as for animal feed. In view of its wide uses and coverage, maize is easily one of the most vital crops.
United States is the largest producer and exporter of maize. Majority of its maize output comprises of genetically modified maize. India exports maize to countries in Southeast Asia such as Vietnam and Malaysia, as well as to some African countries.
Millet is a type of cereal grown extensively in Asia and Africa. The major producers of Millet include India, Nigeria, Niger and China. Millet does not require a lot of rain, due to which it is concentrated in the drier regions of each country. In India bread made of Millet is very popular. In European countries millet has been historically used as porridge, especially in poorer regions. Millet is also used in the manufacture of wine and beer
Cement is a raw material which when mixed with water is used for making concrete. Concrete has many uses most popular of which include the construction of roads, dams and supporting structures such as pillars.
The boom in the development of real estate properties in India has increased the demand for cement tremendously over the past few years. As a result India has imported Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) from countries such as Pakistan to meet domestic requirements.
Sugar made from sugarcane and/or sugar beet is widely used as sweetener around the world. Sugar is used both for domestic consumption as well for industrial purposes.
India the largest consumer of sugar in the world experienced a severe shortage during the first half of the fiscal year 2009-2010. This shortage drove the import of large quantities of sugar from other countries in particular Brazil, the largest producer and exporter of sugar. In the fiscal year 2008-2009, India had excess production of sugar and exported large quantities to neighbouring countries in Africa and Asia.
Rice is one of the important commodities in the world, being the staple food for majority of the world's population. It is the second most widely grown crop in the world, after Maize. China is the largest producer of rice in the world, followed by India.
From an Indian point of view, rice can be broadly classified as basmati or non-basmati rice. Basmati rice is rice, which is characterised by a long sized grain and a strong aroma. Non-basmati rice usually has a shorter grain size and lacks a strong aroma. There are numerous sub-species within each type of rice.
Currently export of non-basmati rice is banned from India, but the export of basmati rice is permitted.
Sorghum is an important crop, which is used for human consumption as well as for animal feed. The largest producers of Sorghum include United States, Nigeria, India and Mexico.
Importers of sorghum include, Japan, South Africa, Eritrea and Israel amongst others. Sorghum is used in food products such as breads, cookies, and cakes as well in some beverages. Sorghum is known for its high nutritional value, due to which sorghum bread is very popular in countries like India. Lower quality sorghum is used as cattle feed in United States, Australia, Mexico and Japan.
Soybean Meal is a protein rich product, which remains after soybeans have been processed for the extraction of oil. Soybean Meal is mainly used as cattle feed around the world. It is also found in some canned dog food as well in protein supplements. Top Soybean Meal producing nations include, United States, China, Argentina, Brazil and India. India exports Soybean Meal to other Asian nations as well some African ones.
Timber or Lumber is a raw material used in construction work as a support material or in the production of paper from pulp. Timber is also used in making furniture. Timber is usually traded in rough or finished form. In the later case the surface of the wood is shaped evenly into standard parameters such as shape or size. India is a large market for timber imports from South America, Africa & Asia. Some of the countries exporting timber to India include Costa Rica, Benin, Myanmar, Malaysia and Sudan.
Wheat a type of grass, is one of the most widely grown and traded commodities in the world falling short of only rice and maize.
The major wheat growing nations include China, India, United States, Russia and Pakistan. Collectively Asia accounts for more than 30% of the world's wheat output. In India and Pakistan, wheat is a rabi (winter) crop and is harvested in spring.